Modern History In Sudan

Sudan was subjected to Ottoman rule during the early part of the
19th century.

The Mahdist revolution in the last quarter of the 19th
century liberated the country and held off Anglo-Egyptian coloni-
alism for 14 years. The Mahdist state fell to the colonial forces in
1898 and what has been called the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium
was established over Sudan.

The Mahdist movement was defeated
politically, but continued to thrive as an ideologically motivated
religious community. In an attempt to prevent the spread of Islam
and Mahdist ideology in the South, the British employed a “closed
districts” policy, precluding contacts between the Muslims of the
North and tropical peoples. This policy had various unfortunate
dimensions and its legacy has been a North-South dichotomy and
protracted hostilities between the two domains.

Post colonial socio-political evolution in Sudan appears to be reaching a point
where there is a broad commitment by the leading political forces to transcend
the “closed districts” legacy and forge a united and integral Sudan.