Sea Ports in Sudan
SUDAN SEA PORTS CORPORATION, WHICH IS THE PRINCIPAL INSTITUTION IN THE MARINE transport sector, was established in 1974 with a mandate to construct, develop, and maintain ports, harbors, and lighthouses, as well as offer port services through the administrations of Sudan’s coastal ports.By the time Sudan Sea Ports Corporation was established, the Port of Sudan had been operating for some 65 years, having been inaugurated by the British colonial administration in 1909.
Today, there are four seaports along Sudan’s 380-mile Red Sea coast: the Prince Osman Digna Port at the ancient port city of Suakan, Martyr El Zoubair Muhammed Salah Port at Wadi Halfa, Oseif Sea Port, and Port Sudan.
Port Sudan, the largest port of entry belonging to the country, has 15 specialized berths, divided among three units, including the new Al Kair Harbor, Green Harbor, and the Northern/ Southern Quays. Al Kair harbor sits at the end of a pipeline bringing Sudan’s oil from hinterland fields to the coast for tanker loading.
In anticipation of a long and rich hydrocarbon export era, Sudan Sea Ports Corporation has plans to have completed by 2020 construction of a new oil terminal for exportation of oil products at DAMA DAMA. In this current phase of the corporation’s development plans, emphasis will be placed on promoting and rehabilitating port infrastructure and operational capacities in order to respond to the needs of the world’s trade, COMESA, hydrocarbon industry developments, and the industry of the free zones.
Port services include:-
* Compulsory piloting
* Navigation services upon Sudanese lighthouses and light beacons.
* Bunkering & supply of drinking water,besides health procedures as well as quarantine.
* Salvage, in addition to fire fighting for ships on berth, cargo storage on open port areas,
and marine pollution fighting.
* Provision of ships repairing and maintenance through S.P.C dockyard.
* Provision of communication services through S.P.C costal station including
* GMDSS services.
* General cargo, containers, petroleum, bulk handling, and storage, beside weighing and
measurement services, in addition to serving of passengers and livestock.
PORT SUDAN HARBOR
Port Sudan Harbour, considered a natural port, is strategically situated at the center of the Red Sea’s west coast, about 1,200 kilometers north-east from Khartoum and about 260 kilometers South-West of Saudi Arabia’s principal west coast port city, Jeddah. The port enjoys a lively traffic of general cargoes, livestock, cement, containers, oil Products, wheat, pesticides, and motor vehicles. It is divided into 3 ports Northern Port: South Port, and Green Port.
The total length of the Northern Port is about 2,845 meters and the average width about 300 meters. It possesses 27 warehouses,with floor space totaling 57 thousand square meters. The warehouses accommodate annual traffic tonnage in the vicinity of 5 million tons. The Northern Port is comprised of 11 berths, having an aggregate length of
1,663 meters, in addition to two berths dedicated to the exportation of livestock, which are 122 meters long. Depth varies between (8.7) to (10.7) meters, with the livestock berth having a depth of (6.1) meters for barges.
The Southern port is mainly for container handling, oil products, and bulk grain. The total berth length is about 766 meters, with depth between 11.0 and 12.6 meters. Storage floor space is about 400 thousand square meters; annual tonnage handled averages about 3 million. Rehabilitation of berths 17 and 18, involving installation of container
cranes, RTG, and other equipments, to respond to all needs, greatly improved the Southern Port’s service capacity.
The rehabilitation project also included installation of a new power station and extension of the containers berth (17/18) by 142 meters, to a total length of 420 meters.
AL KHAIR HARBOUR
Al Khair Port, opened in May 2002, is dedicated to petroleum derived products exportation, such as benzene.
The day the port was opened, two tugs were also inaugurated. On January 31, 2001, Sudan Sea Ports Corporation inaugurated Martyr Field Marshal Al Zubair Port at Wadi Halfa, at the northern end of the country’s Red Sea coastline. The port facilitates river transportation between Wadi Halfa and the Egyptian city,Aswan.
Port regulations with respect to cargo receipt and handling are in accordance with ISO
Loading or discharging of a 20ft. container cost $120, 40ft. $180. If the vessel is of a noncontainer
design, the rates are $180 and $250 respectively. Movement between the Vessel and
Marshalling Yard costs $90 for a 20ft. container and $135 for 40ft. Handling of overweight or
over height containers carries a 92% surcharge. Hazardous container handling carries 150%
* Stevedoring aboard and positioning of containers aboard the vessel under the direction of
the Command of the Vessel or appointed representative.
* Lashing and unlashing on board in normal extent (the normal extent is one lashing / unlashing Gang) i.e. 1 foreman, 6 lashers on board per container, crane gang up to two hours after loading and/or discharging operations have been finished. Loading gear must be standardized; container lashing not wire clips and turn buckles.
* Inspection of containers at operation: (A) Alpha prefix and container number (B) Seal ( Yes/No ) and Seal No. (C) I M C O Label ( if SO ) (D) Visual, damages to the container (As holes, cuts, damages to tarpaulin , or Customs Seal Line Door, etc… )
* Container Loading / Discharging Report per ship and if required, Daily Container Status Report.