Agriculture & Livestock In Sudan

 

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION DURING 1993, THE SECOND YEAR OF THE
COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL STRATEGY, increased from the previous year by
29%. From there, the sector settled into an average annual growth rate of 5%,
through 1996. Between 1997 and 2000, this leading sector grew by 29.9%, an average
of about 7.5% annually. However, production growth trailed off in 2003 from 7.3
to 5.2%. Livestock comprises about two-fifths of agricultural production value. With a
national herd of 140 million heads, Sudan aims to be a main supplier of red meat to
the Arab world and other export markets. Although improvements in veterinary services
have facilitated a fourfold growth of the national herd over the past40 years, animal
production continues to be mainly from nomadic herds; increased pressures on grazing
land resulting from desert expansion and growing herds highlight the need for more
modern animal husbandry methods.While major animal diseases have generally
been brought under control and improved breeds have been developed, the livestock
sector still suffers considerable deficiencies by contemporary world standards. Significantly,
natural grazing results in the meat of Sudanese cattle, sheep, and goats having low cholesterol,
which is an attraction in the market. This implies that the key to modernization ofSudan’s
animal production culture lies in applying innovations to the traditional modes, wherein
the herding communities become accustomed to compromises between their animal
husbandry customs and requirements for improved yields and living conditions.