Forests In Sudan

FORESTS COVER ABOUT 22% OF SUDAN’S
TOTAL AREA– ABOUT 127 MILLION FEDDANS.
MAJOR WOOD SPECIES ARE
mahogany, teak, acacia, and ebony, but there
are various other kinds. Gum arabic is the most
important of all forests products in Sudan.
Besides Gum Arabic, which has a variety of
industrial and consumer uses, Sudan’s wood
products are used for timber, plywood, lumber,
rail-road crossties, firewood, and charcoal.
Forests are mainly concentrated in the southern
states, the southern parts of Kordofan, Central
Sudan, Dar Fur, and the Eastern States.
The horizontal agricultural expansion- especially
in the rain-irrigated areas -has negatively
affected the forests to the extent that legislation
has been instituted against felling of trees.
Environment conservation laws now compel
owners of agricultural projects to spare as protective
green belts 20% of the areas of their rainirrigated
terrain.
Also, the Comprehensive National Strategy
emphasizes maintaining the multifaceted ecological
balance in Sudan, soil conservation and
protection against erosion and desertification,
development and promotion of forests, national
pastures and safeguarding them against overgrazing,
and unauthorized wrongful felling
of trees.