Mineral Resources & Mining in Sudan
IN ADDITION TO ITS HYDROCARBON AND AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES, SUDAN POSSESSES A WIDE VARIETY OF MINERALS. SOME of these are being exploited to commercial advantage, particularly gold, salt, and chrome,while others represent the country’s inviting reserve of industrial input potential.
SUDAN’S MINERAL RESERVES
Barite was discovered at three sites in Sudan: Ankidot, northwest of Halaib; Ariab belt, and Abu Simber area, on the southwestern part of the Red Sea coast.
Bentonite has been discovered in the areas adjacent to the marble quarry at Rabak.
Marble is found in substantial quantities on the Nile banks between Atbara and Wadi-Halfa. Another marble site is Shag-Um Bash in Baioda Desert.
Tungsten is found in the largest quantities in Jabel Ayoub area, southwest of Port Sudan. It is also found at Gash-Amir, near the border with Egypt in the Red Sea coastal area.
Gypsum was discovered at 13 sites along the Red Sea coast.
Graphite is found at three sites, the most important of which is Taiba area.
Calcium Stone is found at Jabalain and Shraik areas. It is used in cement manufacture.
Iron deposits can be mined in four principal areas on the Red Sea coast and Nuba Mountains, as well as Karanoy and Bahr Al-Ghezal.
Asbestos deposits are found at 8 sites, the most important of which are Kala Al Nahal, Fadamia, and Um Sakata. It has been used in the past to a limited extent in the manufacture of cement pipe.
Talc Ore is found at three sites in Sudan: Quala Al Nahal, Angassana, and the Red Sea Mountains. About 200 tons are consumed annually by domestic soap and cosmetics industries.
Chrome deposits, estimated at 2 million tons, are found at some 11 sites in eastern Sudan, in the Red Sea area, Ingasana, Gala-Al Nahal and Kassala.
Mica exists at the area between Abu Hamid and Barbar. Manganese ore deposits are found in many areas, including Jabal Um Keshirat, Gala Al Nahal, and the Red Sea coast.
Gold is exported from Sudan at the rate of about 60 kilograms per week. Production of gold at Aliab, where a French company operates, is 6 tons annually, worth upwards of $50 million. Gold is also being mined at Kurmuk
and Gissan, besides Abu Sara and Daboshat in Wadi Halfa. Private companies, as well as individuals, explore gold in the Blue Nile at Balwa and Bani Shango.
Phlorire is found in North Kordofan State. Tin is found in Southern Sudan’s equatorial area and at Al Sabaloga in Central Sudan. However, no important survey has been done to determine the volume of reserves.
Feld Spar is found a Rahaba in Sherick area near the eastern part of Bayodha Desert. Estimates from exploration rate reserves at 147,000 tons.
Kaolin is found in northwestern Omdurman. It has been used to a limited extent in processing rubber for the shoe industry.
Polymetallic Sulphides exists at 21 sites, mostly in the Red Sea area.
Kyanite exists at Jabel Forain. It can be used in making thermal bricks.
Diamond was first discovered in Sudan at a site in Equatorial State. Western Sudan is full with Arkian rocks, a condition that increases the probability of diamond.